Farming is a way of life in America. It has been for centuries. Over time, it has changed as technology, food needs, and climate changes. But one thing that hasn’t budged in significant numbers is who owns those farms.

The 40-acre ranch is a labor of love for Angela Dawson, her family, and all the goats, chicken, guinea fowl and sheep that surround them which would be enough. But it’s more. “Forty-acre ranch is a cooperative, a farmer owned cooperative that focuses on bringing market opportunities to black and other farmers across country,” Dawson said. Why focus on Black farmers? Because they are so few.

A farm in Minnesota

In America today, 95% of farms are white-owned and just 1.3% of farms are Black-owned according to the USDA. When their population is so small a Co-op helps them help each other get in, or stay in, the game. “Basically we decided this model was necessary in order to keep money in the agricultural community directed toward Black farmers so that they can be successful in agriculture just like everyone else,” Dawson said.

In a report by the USDA called “Black Famers in America: 1865-2000” right off the bat it says: “Black farmers in America have had a long and arduous struggle to own land and to operate independently…” “The name is pretty telling. The name comes from the history of the 40 acres, the 40 acres and a mule that was promised,” Dawson said. So all of these years later, in northern Minnesota, a wrong becomes something Angela wants to do right and is being joined by farmers all over the country.